The substrate concentration essay

Electrochemical cell An electrochemical cell is a device that produces an electric current from energy released by a spontaneous redox reaction, this can be caused from electricity.

The substrate concentration essay

How to Write a Summary of an Article? As the temperature increases, so will the rate of enzyme reaction. However, as the temperature exceeds the optimum the rate of reaction will decrease. I predict that before the optimum temperature the rates will gradually increase and preceding the optimum there will be a drastic decrease in rate until the enzyme is denatured.

To find when the enzyme denatures is to find out when the bonds of this protein disintegrate and henceforth disable the enzyme from being of any further use.

When these bonds break, the protein starts to unfold and loses some its properties. For example, a denatured protein usually becomes less soluble. As an enzyme, it will lose its ability to function as a catalyst.

The substrate concentration essay

If the stress that is causing the denaturation continues, other changes may occur. Now that the normal structure of the protein is gone, new bonds may be formed, giving it a different shape.

The bonds broken in a denatured enzyme is that of which links the polymers to form the amino acids. This means that if lipase were to denature at the higher temperatures it will then cause inactivity in breaking down the fat of the milk hence leaving the unchanged.

In this investigation, however, there are numerous factors as to what can affect the investigations results. First of all, the temperature of the room can play a role in altering the results as it can change the temperature of both the solution and lipase.

Moreover if one were to move the solution or lipase to another part of the room, or to carry out the investigation on a different day, the temperature surrounding the solution and lipase will change and henceforth change the temperature of the solution and lipase.

Thirdly, the age of the contents can affect the concentration of the substrates which would then decrease the rate of reaction with lipase. Finally, there is the factor of human error, as we may not be capable of making perfect measurements consistently the amounts of each component will inevitably change, which would in effect change the results.

Of this investigation our independent variable will be the rate of reaction, which we will measure by timing how long it would take for the solution to turn white after having the lipase poured in.

Our dependent variable will be the time it takes for the solution to turn pink after having the lipase poured in. Our controlled variable is that of will be all other factors. Enzyme Diagram courtesy of http: Enzymes can build up or break down other molecules. The molecules they react with are called substrates; enzymes are catalysts.

An enzyme works by allowing a substrate, or multiple substrates, to enter the active site, which is where the reaction takes place, and then to exit in either more or less pieces then it was when it first entered.

The active site is unique to a specific substrate which means that other substrates cannot react with that enzyme unless the enzyme is modified. Note that the enzyme remains unchanged so that more of the some substrates can react. Structure Proteins are polymers made by joining up small molecules called amino acids.

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Amino acids and proteins are made mainly of the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. Protein Protein Amino Acid Amino Acid Each gene acts as a code, or set of instructions, for making a particular protein.Aim: To investigate the effect of temperature on the rate of respiration in a suspension of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

GET EVEN A BETTER ESSAY WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON The Effect of Temperature on the TOPICS SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU Order now Background Knowledge: Yeasts are a form of eukaryotic microorganisms classified in [ ]. In the late 18th century the Italian physician and anatomist Luigi Galvani marked the birth of electrochemistry by establishing a bridge between chemical reactions and electricity on his essay "De Viribus Electricitatis in Motu Musculari Commentarius" (Latin for Commentary on the Effect of Electricity on Muscular Motion) in where he proposed a "nerveo-electrical substance" on biological.

Admitting a bias is the first step to overcoming it, so I’ll admit it: I have a huge bias against growth mindset. (if you’re not familiar with it, growth mindset is the belief that people who believe ability doesn’t matter and only effort determines success are more resilient, skillful, hard.

This lesson focuses on enzyme activity. We'll go over what an enzyme is and how it's used in the body. We'll also look at the different factors that affect enzyme activity, both positively and.

The substrate concentration essay

Extracts from this document Introduction. The Effect of Concentration on Pectinase Using Apple Hypothesis: As the concentration of pectinase added to apple pulp increases, the faster the rate at which apple juice is produced.

When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by .

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