The Euthyphro Socrates on Piety Introduction: Socrates and Euthyphro meet outside the court at Athens. Socrates has been called to meet the charges of Meletus and Euthyphro is bringing charges of murder against his father who has indirectly caused the death of one of their slaves.
Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Socrates on the Definition of Piety: The concept to be defined is that of holiness or piety z6 r the need for a definition is presented in a manner characteristic of the early dialogues.
Euthyphro is about to prosecute his father on a charge of murder, Socrates expresses surprise at Euthyphro's action, and Euthyphro defends himself by saying that to prosecute his father is pious, whereas not to prosecute him would be impious.
Socrates then wonders whether Euthyphro's knowledge of piety and impiety is sufficient to guarantee that he is not acting impiously in prosecuting his father. The trap has been set; Euthyphro's vanity is stung, and the search for a definition begins.
The outcome of the search is also familiar; all of Euthyphro's efforts miscarry.
The dialogue ends with no satisfactory definition of piety either produced or in the offing. The central argument in the dialogue is the one Socrates advances 10a-lib against Euthyphro's definition of piety as "what all the gods love.
First, the argument is sufficiently unclear as to warrant discussion of what its structure is. Second, it is at least open to question whether there is any interpretation or reconstruction of the argument according to which it is valid and non-fallacious.
Third, there are a number of points of contemporary philosophical interest that inevitably arise in any adequate discussion of the argument.
Fourth, the argument has been traditionally thought to have an important moral for contemporary ethical theory, and not just for ancient theology. Before beginning a detailed examination of the argument itself, I will comment briefly on the moral the argument has been traditionally thought to have?
For Euthyphro, the question whether or not he ought to prosecute his father is to be settled by determining whether or not it would be pious for him to do so.
Whether or not his doing so would be pious is determined by finding out whether t Cf. Taylor, Plato the Man and his Work London: Methuen,p. For Euthyphro, then, moral questions such as "Ought I prosecute my father?
Euthyphro is offering an authoritarian normative ethical theory.
But he apparently wishes to offer an authoritarian meta-ethical theory as well, since 'pious' is for him defined in terms of the approval of an authority.
Moreover, Euthyphro's authorities must have been thought of by him to be pre-eminently wise and rational; after all, they are the gods.
Their wisdom and rationality is part of what makes them moral authorities. It is their wisdom and rationality that enables them to perceive, where mere mortals may fail to perceive, whether a given act is pious.
Socrates' argument may then be thought of as having the following force.piety/holiness and then create a Socratic response/critique of your definition. After you present your definition, take on the role of Socrates and respond to your own definition as you think he would.
Euthyphro’s thinks that his action was pious, and his definition of piety is doing what the God(s) approve of. Socrates questioned Euthyphro’s definition of action being pious and quickly asks: “is the holy loved by the gods because it is holy? Piety or holiness, Socrates, appears to me to be that part of justice which attends to the gods, as there is the other part of justice which attends to men.
SOCRATES. "Definition Of Piety Holiness" Essays and Research Papers Definition Of Piety Holiness Piety and Holiness Derrick Aquino PHI September 17, Jerry Voltura Piety and Holiness Euthyphro and Socrates speak of the definition of piety, impiety, and holiness in their conversation with each other.
Euthyphro – Plato In the Euthyphro, Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the concept of piety/holiness. This essay will not only test your ability to recognize and engage philosophical concepts and analysis, but also brings you into the dialogue as a participant, asking you to create your own definition of holiness.
From the holiness of God is derived that ceremonial holiness of things which is characteristic of the Old Testament religion. Whatever is connected with the worship of the holy Yahweh is itself holy.
Nothing is holy in itself, but anything becomes holy by its consecration to Him.