Can we sustainably harvest cod essay

A monocultivated potato field Some people choose to be vegetarian or vegan for environmental reasons. This is due to feed production, enteric fermentation from ruminants, manure storage and processing, and transportation of animal products. Some authors argue that by far the best thing we can do to slow climate change is a global shift towards a vegetarian or vegan diet.

Can we sustainably harvest cod essay

Apparently the pattern that maximizes power on each scale in the long run is a pulsed consumption of mature structures that resets succession to repeat again. There are many mechanisms, such as epidemic insects eating a forest, regular fires in grasslands, locusts in the desert, volcanic eruptions in geologic succession, oscillating chemical reactions, and exploding stars in the cosmos.

Systems that develop pulsing mechanisms prevail. The figure above includes the downturn for reset that follows ecological climax. The many ecosystem examples are matched by many business examples where technology shapes products from sneakers, to automobiles, to electrical appliances.

At that moment, novelty that had been simmering in the background can emerge and be stimulated. And new associations begin to develop among previously separate innovations. We have adopted artificial pulses of industrial production and consumption with attempts to create continuous growth. Fossil fuels allow us to create a seamlessly, climate-controlled, homogenous monoculture that blurs night into day, and summer into winter.

It even homogenizes trends, with everything always improving and going up without a break in the action. This separates us from Nature and creates the impression of invincibility.

How does this invincibility present in our dominant culture, and what does it mean Can we sustainably harvest cod essay our culture transitions into descent?

Up here in Alaska, the annual pulses are so great that it is hard to escape the reminders. Summer solstice is a special time in Alaska. Solstice is a reminder that the days are now getting shorter, and that we need to get a move on with things we plan to accomplish during the summer.

The vegetables start to produce in the garden. Local markets are full of produce. It is a time of plenty, and comfort, and celebration. After solstice, the urge to go-go-go accelerates for some.

Alaskans catch and put away salmon, and by late August the smell of high bush cranberry gives me a sense of restless urgency reflected in outings of berry picking and restless hikes in the high country.

Can we sustainably harvest cod essay

The Alaska State Fair in late August demonstrates the power of our summer sun and the prowess of our farmers. Brief fall colors, fall rut, and waning daylight bring the promise of winter. Seasonal pulses in Alaska are big, and there is no steady state.

Excess light switches to not enough light very quickly, at a rate of over 5 minutes a day, and moods shift and behaviors change with the seasons. Historically, seasonal pulses have been symbols of growth, fertility of death in multiple cultures.

The seasons were connected to human behavior, moods, and rich symbolism regarding life and death in a number of cultures. Winter was a season for rest, regeneration, and reflection. In the arctic and subarctic, Scandinavians and Alaska Native peoples have a much longer culture of adaptation to long winters than the dominant American culture, and they are much better adapted to the changes in light and the long winters.

Diet adaptations to physical changes due to inadequate light include cod liver oil for Scandinavians and a diet of fish and muktuk for Alaska Natives. Calendars were oriented towards harvest, and seasonal harvest celebrations such as Thanksgiving and Christmas celebrated and honored seasonal changes with feasts, candlelight and storytelling.

Stuhlmiller tried to explore Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD in Norway, and found that Norwegians did not medicalize their seasons, and considered the behavioral changes that come with the seasons as normal.

Scandinavians accept a certain amount of moodiness and insomnia as a normal seasonal adaptation, for example, and treat it with the cultural adaptation of exercising outdoors in the winter.

If you go on a skiing trip through Norwegian nature, you are a good person. Some of that expectation can be seen in Alaska, as some cultural exchange with Scandinavia has occurred.

Can we sustainably harvest cod essay

Some of my friends nod in approval when I describe skiing activities outdoors in the winter. Our American fossil-fuel based culture not only smooths out the pulses using fossil fuel means, it medicalizes natural conditions such as seasonal adaptation, demanding that we SAD light our behavioral changes, or medicate them with antidepressants.

Is it prosperity to burn the midnight oil to finish work late into the night, in opposition to our nature?

Why You Should Think Twice About Vegetarian and Vegan Diets

Is sadness adaptive in some way, or must we always be happy? And shift work is known to cause a number of physical disorders due to the alteration in biorhythms. Our industrial society creates unnatural patterns requiring unnatural treatment with strong medications.Can you be gluten intolerant without having celiac disease?

Can gluten cause symptoms not related to digestion? A growing body of evidence proves that non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is not only real, but possibly a larger problem than celiac disease.

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02 Sep , am Comment: Lab-produced meat will transform the world for the better. What are we waiting for? Can you be gluten intolerant without having celiac disease?

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Can gluten cause symptoms not related to digestion? A growing body of evidence proves that non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is not only real, but possibly a larger problem than celiac disease.

An estimated 20 million Americans. Paleo changes lives, it is the closest we can get to a diet that is species appropriate. It’s about health, not re-enactment. I did healthy diets before switching to paleo.

Top 10 Reasons I'm Not Paleo - Cheeseslave