Christian views on cloning The Roman Catholic Churchunder the papacy of Benedict XVIcondemned the practice of human cloning, in the magisterial instruction Dignitas Personaestating that it represents a "grave offense to the dignity of that person as well as to the fundamental equality of all people. The World Council of Churchesrepresenting nearly Christian denominations worldwide, opposed cloning of both human embryos and whole humans in February The United Methodist Church opposed research and reproductive cloning in May and again in May Islam[ edit ] The prominent Qatari scholar Yusuf Al Qaradawi believes that cloning specific parts of the human body for medical purposes is not prohibited in Islambut cloning the whole human body would not be permitted under any circumstances.
Modified on September 11, by Max Wilbert There is a constant debate in the world of science between two different perspectives. One side believes that knowledge is value-free: The Basics of Cloning What is cloning?
Therapeutic cloning is closely linked to stem cell research, and involves artificial growth of cells, organs, or tissues for use in research or medical treatment. The process works like this: Two organisms are chosen.
A cell is taken from the first organism, and the nucleus which contains the DNA is removed and saved. A reproductive cell or ovum is taken from the host organism, and the nucleus is removed and replaced with the nucleus from the first organism.
Does It Really Work? Believe it or not, cloning is relatively old science: Since then, some 20 species including cats, dogs, monkeys, rats, pigs, camels, and fish have been cloned with varying levels of success. Clones seem to have higher risk of genetic problems, shorter lifespan, and other health issues.
These medical concerns have been a big contributor to the fact that —for now — human cloning is relegated to the realm of science fiction.
The Controversy Over Cloning The biggest cloning controversies center around human cloning. Many organizations have called for a moratorium on research into human cloning, concerned about ethical issues. Some religious organizations have spoken vehemently against human cloning on the basis that it is tampering with that which only the divine should control — the creation of life itself.
Cloning is also tied up with issues relating to abortion, since some therapeutic cloning involves the artificial creation of embryos which are not given a chance to be carried to term and become human children.
Some worry that human clones would be abused.
Science fiction and popular culture, in films like Cloud Atlas and books like The Boys from Brazil, depict clones being treated like second-class citizens, with their organs being harvested or their labor exploited. Scientific organizations like the American Academy for the Advancement of Sciences have spoken in favor of a ban on human cloning until it can be done safely.
Advocates of human cloning believe that it could offer a way for non-fertile couples to produce children. Others speak in favor of cloning for the purpose of medical organ donation. Many scientists favor research into human cloning, but only under strict government control and ethical review.
Other advocates of cloning speak to the potential benefits to non-humans: These efforts have been thus far unsuccessful, but some conservationists are hard at work to bring back species wiped out in the past like the once ubiquitous passenger pigeon.
But the research is pushing forward.Controversies About Cloning Ethical concerns about cloning may be broadly divided into two categories: concern about the effect of cloning on animal and human welfare, and objection to the principle of cloning, ie, to producing an animal by . Dolly, the world’s most famous and controversial sheep, was born twenty years ago – on July 5, to be precise.
She was the first mammal to enter the world following a process of.
Apr 14, · Stem cell research offers great promise for understanding basic mechanisms of human development and differentiation, as well as the hope for new treatments for diseases such as diabetes, spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, and myocardial infarction. Human Cloning Essay Examples. An Analysis of the Major Concerns Regarding the Controversial Issue of Human Cloning. 1, words. 3 pages. A Study of Cloning. words. 1 page. Potential Risks and Benefits of Human Cloning. 1, words. 3 pages. The Many Benefits of Human Cloning. Human cloning is controversial for many reasons. Lawmakers around the world have raised varied objections. Some offer religious or moral concerns based on such issues as: Cloning takes reproduction out of the arena of marriage and places it into the laboratory%(12).
The Usefulness of Cloning The term 'cloning' have entered popular vocabulary of many people. The issues on cloning are getting controversial and growing more complicated the word "clone" comes from the Greek "klwn" which means similar.
Human Cloning Essay Examples. An Analysis of the Major Concerns Regarding the Controversial Issue of Human Cloning. 1, words.
3 pages. A Study of Cloning. words. 1 page. Potential Risks and Benefits of Human Cloning. 1, words. 3 pages. The Many Benefits of Human Cloning. Cloning is definitely a sensitive issue that must be handled carefully. Although cloning of animals has already been done, the human race may not yet be ready for the cloning of humans, regardless of the matter that it has already been done or not.
A framework for discussing the issue was provided by Center Director of Biotechnology and Health Care Ethics Margaret McLean, who also serves on the California State Advisory Committee on Human Cloning.