Some recent work concludes that human rights practices have been consistently improving over time, while standards for judging human rights by international organization and researchers have grown monotonically higher. In this project, we attempt to broaden this debate by arguing that the evolution of human rights may not be constrained by a linearly increasing path, along a single dimension running from weak to strong or lax to strict standards and behavior. Instead, we hypothesize that human rights, and thus human rights standards, are multi-dimensional and have specific content that has evolved over time. Thus we expect to observe backsliding on some topics such as torture or rendition while simultaneously improvements in other facets of human rights, such as genocide prevention.
Augmented Editions and Fluid Textuality Scale: Digital humanities scholars use computational methods either to answer existing research questions or to challenge existing theoretical paradigms, generating new questions and pioneering new approaches.
One goal is to systematically integrate computer technology into the activities of humanities scholars,  as is done in contemporary empirical social sciences. Yet despite the significant trend in digital humanities towards networked and multimodal forms of knowledge, a substantial amount of digital humanities focuses on documents and text in ways that differentiate the field's work from digital research in media studiesinformation studiescommunication studiesand sociology.
Another goal of digital humanities is to create scholarship that transcends textual sources. This includes the integration of multimediametadataand dynamic environments see The Valley of the Shadow project at the University of Virginiathe Vectors Journal of Culture and Technology in a Dynamic Vernacular at University of Southern Californiaor Digital Pioneers projects at Harvard .
A growing number of researchers in digital humanities are using computational methods for the analysis of large cultural data sets such as the Google Books corpus. The analysis of vast quantities of historical newspaper content has showed how periodic structures can be automatically discovered, and a similar analysis was performed on social media.
Narrative network of US Elections  Tools[ edit ] Digital humanities scholars use a variety of digital tools for their research, which may take place in an environment as small as a mobile device or as large as a virtual reality lab.
Environments for "creating, publishing and working with digital scholarship include everything from personal equipment to institutes and software to cyberspace.
An accessible, free example of an online textual analysis program is Voyant Tools which only requires the user to copy and paste either a body of text or a URL and then click the 'reveal' button to run the program.
There is also an online list  of online or downloadable Digital Humanities tools that are largely free, aimed toward helping students and others who lack access to funding or institutional servers.
Free, open source web publishing platforms like WordPress and Omeka are also popular tools. Example of a visualization tool used to study poetry in a new way with Poemage Projects[ edit ] Digital humanities projects are more likely than traditional humanities work to involve a team or a lab, which may be composed of faculty, staff, graduate or undergraduate students, information technology specialists, and partners in galleries, libraries, archives, and museums.
Credit and authorship are often given to multiple people to reflect this collaborative nature, which is different from the sole authorship model in the traditional humanities and more like the natural sciences.
Some are continually updated while others may not be due to loss of support or interest, though they may still remain online in either a beta version or a finished form. The following are a few examples of the variety of projects in the field: Example of network analysis as an archival tool at the League of Nations.
This Digital Archive currently holdsunique images, dating from the 16th to the 20th centuries, and documents the history of between 6 and 8 million individuals. They are the most extensive serial records for the history of Africans in the Atlantic World and also include valuable information on the indigenous, European, and Asian populations who lived alongside them.
The involvement of librarians and archivists plays an important part in digital humanities projects because of the recent expansion of their role so that it now covers digital curationwhich is critical in the preservation, promotion, and access to digital collections, as well as the application of scholarly orientation to digital humanities projects.
These include the digitization of 17th-century manuscripts, an electronic corpus of Mexican history from the 16th to 19th century, and the visualization of pre-Hispanic archaeological sites in 3-D. The lab has been using methods from the field of computer science called Computer Vision many types of both historical and contemporary visual media—for example, all covers of Time magazine published between and 20, historical art photographs from the collection in Museum of Modern Art MoMA in New York,  one million pages from Manga books,  and 16 million images shared on Instagram in 17 global cities.
Cultural Analytics research is also addressing a number of theoretical questions. How can we "observe" giant cultural universes of both user-generated and professional media content created today, without reducing them to averages, outliers, or pre-existing categories?
How can work with large cultural data help us question our stereotypes and assumptions about cultures? What new theoretical cultural concepts and models are required for studying global digital culture with its new mega-scale, speed, and connectivity?
CA established in and academic job listings.In your Humanities paper, the essay's introduction invites your reader into your analysis and provides a thesis that describes the direction of your argument.
The essay's body is composed of a series of close, interpretive readings of passages from the Humanities text that support the assertion of your thesis.
Humanities» Literature; Analysis of Poem "Strange Meeting" by Wilfred Owen Metrical Analysis.
Strange Meeting is written in iambic pentameter, that is, the de-DUM de-DUM de-DUM de-DUM de-DUM stress pattern dominates, but there are lines that vary and these are important because they challenge the reader to alter the emphasis on certain. Electronic Texts in the Humanities is an excellent overview of the relation between computers and texts.
It covers all the essential issues in understanding the latest possibilities of using digitised text in academic study and research. Critical Analysis in the Humanities: Visual Arts This handout is designed for students in the humanities as well as those interested in contemplating the.
His primary area of research is in the design, development, usage and theorization of tools for the digital humanities, especially for text analysis and visualization.
University of Alberta Susan Brown is Professor of English at the University of Guelph and Visiting Professor at the University of Alberta. New data analysis from American Academy of Arts and Sciences says humanities Ph.D.s may earn less than their counterparts in other fields but are satisfied -- particularly if they stay in academe.
New data analysis from National Academy of Arts and Sciences says humanities Ph.D.s may not earn a .