He is the character that the reader most identifies with, and the reader sees the world from his point of view. Winston is a kind of innocent in a world gone wrong, and it is through him that the reader is able to understand and feel the suffering that exists in the totalitarian society of Oceania. Even Winston's name is suggestive. Winston is taken from Winston Churchill, the exalted leader of wartime England, and Smith is the most common last name in the English language, thus allowing readers to see him as Orwell intended:
The news report Oceania has captured Africa in Three perpetually warring totalitarian super-states control the world: The perpetual war is fought for control of the "disputed area" lying "between the frontiers of the super-states", which forms "a rough parallelogram with its corners at TangierBrazzavilleDarwin and Hong Kong ",  and Northern Africa, the Middle East, India and Indonesia are where the superstates capture and use slave labour.
Fighting also takes place between Eurasia and Eastasia in ManchuriaMongolia and Central Asia, and all three powers battle one another over various Atlantic and Pacific islands.
The only references to the exterior world for the Oceanian citizenry the Outer Party and the Proles are Ministry of Truth maps and propaganda to ensure their belief in "the war".
Eurasia was formed when the Soviet Union conquered Continental Europe, creating a single state stretching from Portugal to the Bering Strait. Eurasia does not include the British Isles because the United States annexed them along with the rest of the British Empire and Latin America, thus establishing Oceania and gaining control over a quarter of the planet.
Eastasiathe last superstate established, emerged only after "a decade of confused fighting". It includes the Asian lands conquered by China and Japan. The annexation of Britain occurred about the same time as the atomic war that provoked civil war, but who fought whom in the war is left unclear.
Nuclear weapons fell on Britain; an atomic bombing of Colchester is referenced in the text. Exactly how Ingsoc and its rival systems Neo-Bolshevism and Death Worship gained power in their respective countries is also unclear. While the precise chronology cannot be traced, most of the global societal reorganization occurred between and the early s.
Winston and Julia once meet in the ruins of a church that was destroyed in a nuclear attack "thirty years" earlier, which suggests as the year of the atomic war that destabilised society and allowed the Party to seize power.
It is stated in the novel that the "fourth quarter of " was "also the sixth quarter of the Ninth Three-Year Plan", which implies that the first quarter of the first three-year plan began in July By then, the Party was apparently in control of Oceania. Perpetual war Inthere is a perpetual war between Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia, the superstates that emerged from the global atomic war.
The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism, by Emmanuel Goldstein, explains that each state is so strong it cannot be defeated, even with the combined forces of two superstates, despite changing alliances.
To hide such contradictions, history is rewritten to explain that the new alliance always was so; the populaces are accustomed to doublethink and accept it. The war is not fought in Oceanian, Eurasian or Eastasian territory but in the Arctic wastes and in a disputed zone comprising the sea and land from Tangiers Northern Africa to Darwin Australia.
The public are blind to the change; in mid-sentence, an orator changes the name of the enemy from "Eurasia" to "Eastasia" without pause.
When the public are enraged at noticing that the wrong flags and posters are displayed, they tear them down; the Party later claims to have captured Africa. By using up most of the produced objects like boots and rations, the proles are kept poor and uneducated and will neither realise what the government is doing nor rebel.
The military technology in the novel differs little from that of World War II, but strategic bomber aeroplanes are replaced with rocket bombshelicopters were heavily used as weapons of war they did not figure in World War II in any form but prototypes and surface combat units have been all but replaced by immense and unsinkable Floating Fortresses, island-like contraptions concentrating the firepower of a whole naval task force in a single, semi-mobile platform in the novel, one is said to have been anchored between Iceland and the Faroe Islandssuggesting a preference for sea lane interdiction and denial.
Living standards[ edit ] The society of Airstrip One and, according to "The Book", almost the whole world, lives in poverty: Ruined cities and towns are common: Social decay and wrecked buildings surround Winston; aside from the ministerial pyramids, little of London was rebuilt.
Members of the Outer Party consume synthetic foodstuffs and poor-quality "luxuries" such as oily gin and loosely-packed cigarettes, distributed under the "Victory" brand. They were smoked because it was easier to import them from India than it was to import American cigarettes from across the Atlantic because of the War of the Atlantic.
Winston describes something as simple as the repair of a broken pane of glass as requiring committee approval that can take several years and so most of those living in one of the blocks usually do the repairs themselves Winston himself is called in by Mrs.
Parsons to repair her blocked sink.Winston is an Outer Party member, which is basically this story's version of a middle class. As a records editor at the Ministry of Truth, his job is to literally rewrite history, revising old newspaper articles so they're in line with the Party's current vision of the truth.
Winston Smith is the protagonist of He is the character that the reader most identifies with, and the reader sees the world from his point of view.
Winston is a kind of innocent in a world gone wrong, and it is through him that the reader is able to understand and feel the suffering that exists in the totalitarian society of Oceania. Literature 30 August Character Analysis of Winston Smith from Winston Smith, George Orwell’s main character from , contributes greatly to the novel in many ways.
While he is presented to be a simple man, Winston adds many complex ideas to the classic piece of literature. Winston Smith. Orwell's protagonist in is Winston Smith, a low-ranking citizen of Oceania. He's an everyman character who represents the average person, or one the readers can easily identify with.
Summary On a bitter April day in London, Oceania, Winston Smith arrives at his small apartment on his lunch break.
The face of Big Brother is everywhere. George Orwell. BUY SHARE. BUY! Home; Literature Notes; ; Chapter 1; Character Map; George Orwell Biography; Critical Essays; The Role of Language and the Act of Writing;.
In the novel by George Orwell, Winston Smith is the protagonist. He is thirty-nine years old, frail, and thin. AP Literature 30 August Character Analysis of Winston Smith from Winston Smith, George Orwell’s main character from , People work to cover up the lies of the Party to make Big Brother look better even though.